Adolescents & Sport: Part 2

Last time, we looked at some of the benefits of participating in sports (if you didn’t catch that blog, you can access it here). This time, I wanted to explore the other side of the equation and look at some common injuries.

Hopefully you’ll be well prepared when deciding which sport is best for your adolescent.

By far the most common type of injury to occur in adolescent sport are musculoskeletal injuries – injuries to bones, joint, muscles, tendons, ligaments etc. While injuries sustained during sport can be serious eg. spinal cord injuries, most injuries are relatively minor such as sprained ankles, minor muscular tears and contusions.

Sprains & strains

Often used interchangeably, there are slight technical differences between a sprain and a strain.

A sprain is an injury to a ligament – a tough, connective tissue which connects bones to other bones, and are responsible for maintaining the stability of joints.

Ligament injuries are usually classified as either:

Grade 1 – Mild ligament tear
Grade 2 – Moderate ligament tear
Grade 3 – Ruptured ligament.

Sprains occur when a joint is forced beyond its normal range of motion. General symptoms may include:

1. Pain with movement
2. Swelling and possible bruising

Common areas for sprains might be ankles and knees.

Sport Therapy

A strain is an injury to a muscle or tendon. Muscles are bundles of fibrous connective tissue which contract, producing movement of the body. Whereas tendons are flexible, fibrous tissues which connect the muscles to the bones, transmitting force from the muscle to the bone to create movement.

Strains are also commonly classified:

Grade 1 – Mild tearing of bundle of fibres
Grade 2 – Moderate tearing of fibres (multiple bundles)
Grade 3 – Complete tearing of fibres (separation)

Common areas for muscle strains include hamstrings, quadriceps, and calves. Common areas for tendon strains might be the achilles tendon and the biceps brachii tendon.

Contusions

Also known as a bruise or ‘cork’, a contusion is a collection of blood outside of the blood vessels due to trauma to the smaller blood vessels. This type of injury is most often seen in contact sports, such as rugby, AFL, NFL, etc. They generally occur from a direct blow to the body (especially thighs and shoulders).

Contusions can be quite painful and can restrict range of motion around the affected area for a number of weeks. Care needs to be taken to not stretch or massage the area too aggressively as this can lead to further complications.

Growth Plate Injuries

Growth plates are areas near the ends of longs bones of the body, such as the femur, tibia and humerus, where cartilage is slowly hardening into bone. These areas, which allow growth of the long bones during adolescence are typically the last part of the bone to fully harden. This leaves these areas vulnerable to injury. Growth plate injuries again tend to occur in contact or high impact sports.

Fractures

As adolescent bones are developing and ossifying (hardening), they are vulnerable to fractures. When this happens immediate medical attention is required and nearly all registered sporting codes will have a qualified first-aid responder on sight to help manage any fractures.

One particular type of fracture which is commonly seen in young athletes is a stress fracture. Bones are in a constant state of breaking down and modelling and if an overly eager adolescent begins playing too much sport too soon, their bone breaks down quicker than new bone can be laid down. This can result in weakness and fracturing of the bone. Common areas of the body for this to occur include the lower back, pelvis, shin bones and feet.

If you find yourself in the unfortunate position of managing a sports-related injury with your adolescent, a physiotherapy consultation is your best bet at getting the proper management. We have physiotherapists with loads of experience dealing with team sport injuries. Give us a call or book online.

Adolescents & Sport: Part 1

Author: Andrew Edwards

When I was growing up, I was crazy about sport (and I suppose I still am really). At the time, all I knew was that I was having lots of fun, but little did I know just how beneficial participating in sport really was.

The evidence continues to show that getting involved in sport as a young person has so many positives. Below is just simply a list to get you thinking about a few of the most important benefits discovered for your adolescent.

Physical development – sport helps to develop the musculoskeletal system, resulting in stronger muscles, bones and tendons, and less likelihood of injuries. It’s even been suggested that the better shape your musculoskeletal system is in when you’re young, the more agile you’ll remain as you get older.

Co-ordination & balance – sport challenges the body and brain and thus improves its ability to develop critical motor patterns, leading to better balance and co-ordination.

Heart health – running around while having fun playing sport improves your heart’s ability to work efficiently and effectively. This results in a healthier heart and a decreased risk of serious health problems, such as heart disease, diabetes and strokes, which often develop from being sedentary.

Weight management – childhood obesity is becoming a serious epidemic in Australia, with 1 in 4 children being overweight or obese. Getting involved in sport and exercise will help your young person to manage their weight and reduce their chances of associated health problems. Also, children who regularly play sport tend to make better food choices.

Self-perception & confidence – young people who play sport as part of a team get to experience belonging to something bigger than themselves and can grow in confidence and self-belief as they personally become responsible for contributing to the team.

Sports Massage

Discipline – sport encourages young people to be committed (to turning up and on time to training and games); to follow instructions; and to be self-controlled in order to not let the team down. These thing help develop discipline which many of us older folk can attest is essential to making headway in life.

Teamwork – team sports are a great opportunity for young people to realise that you can’t always have everything your way and that if you want to succeed, you also need consider the needs of others.

Granted these are just some of the roles that sport will play in helping your adolescent develop and grow. It’s really just the tip of the iceberg. The real fun begins when they join a team and can experience the comradery and community for themselves.